Essays on philosophy of religion

Religion essay

Quinn agrees that religious integrity in this sense will be undermined to the extent that political liberalism prevails, but does not agree that such an outcome is unfair. In the final pages of his paper Quinn contrasts the divine command conception of obligation, as a Christian ethical theory, with what he takes to be its chief rival option, an Aristotle-inspired virtue ethics. And by arguing this, means rejecting all of the theistic theses that were formulated in the history of man. Hick's "solution" to the problem of religious pluralism thus comes at the cost of denying much of what the adherents of the religions take to be essential to their views, and at the cost of the coherency of Hick's own position since, despite his realism about the transcendent, he can say nothing coherent about it. The results are not particularly heartening for adherents of traditional Christian doctrine. The religious philosophy and philosophy of religion are very different from each other, in philosophy of religion we discuss the questions regarding the nature of religion as a whole rather than seeking the problems brought by a particular religious system. Quinn notes that "when engaged in moral thinking, [Aquinas] is a bit of a magpie, picking up bits and pieces of lore from a variety of sources. She might follow Plantinga's suggestion of an inductive method of collecting a fund of properly basic beliefs, and a fund of beliefs requiring a basis in other beliefs, according to one's tradition say, the Christian tradition or the classical foundationalist tradition , and from there reach settled hypotheses concerning necessary and sufficient conditions for justification. Taoism is one of the oldest and most ancient philosophies known to mankind. All ancient human civilization had some sort of belief in a God or the transcendent. Get Essay As observable in human history, though religions often offer some sort heaven it often paradoxically entails conflicts and controversies.

Thus we maintain a kind of theological voluntarism for moral truths, even necessary ones. The problem arises for religious people who have a realist conception of whatever transcendent reality they believe in, when they consider that equally rational and mature adherents of other major religions have conceptions of reality that are incompatible with their own.

philosophy of religion pdf

The results are not particularly heartening for adherents of traditional Christian doctrine. This generally involves a profound amount of research on the topic at hand.

Significance of religion

One consequence of Quinn's causal divine command theory is that if either God does not exist, or God exists but commands nothing, then all actions are morally permitted. The problem arises for religious people who have a realist conception of whatever transcendent reality they believe in, when they consider that equally rational and mature adherents of other major religions have conceptions of reality that are incompatible with their own. If so, then the fact that I can conceive possibilities I cannot quite imagine being actual for me may give me a hint about how grace might be needed to work certain kinds of religious transformation in my life" Some obligations, such as the prohibition of gratuitous torture, seem to be necessary truths. Quinn expounds two forms of the argument, the free exercise argument and the integrity argument. The percentage of people in North America who iden Quinn discusses various respected Church fathers who endorse this reading, thus holding that the bottom line on morality is obedience to the will of God. Just as one thinks one has held the whole thing in one point, the rest of it slips away and falls apart.

This is the end of all suffering and the goal of all Buddhists. Quinn admits that religious integrity in Wolterstorff's sense may be valuable, but it is just part of social evolution that some good things are lost in the process, and there's nothing unfair about that.

Lastly, Quinn explores some possible conceptions of subservient obedient and autonomous motivationally correct that might conflict and thus create trouble for the theist who wishes to endorse human subservience to God's will without undermining moral autonomy.

Most of the paper consists in answering possible objections to this theory. Treating beliefs that some are more right than others will impose some sort of hierarchy among them.

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Philosophy and Religion Essay