Scientific research papers

how to write a research paper for journal publication pdf

It is not easy to include all this information in just a few words. You already do so for the overall structure of the body the sections in the object of the document at the end of the Introduction.

Although the above structure reflects the progression of most research projects, effective papers typically break the chronology in at least three ways to present their content in the order in which the audience will most likely want to read it.

It is likely that writers will grow weary of their article before it is ready to be handed to a professor or submitted to a journal. The body Even the most logical structure is of little use if readers do not see and understand it as they progress through a paper.

Format for the paper Edit your paper!

scientific paper introduction example

One elegant way to express the desired part of the need is to combine it with the task in a single sentence. Table 2: List of databases containing free, full-text scientific papers and data sets.

Scientific research paper example

Mention these things early in your paragraph, ideally in the first sentence. Editing Scientific research and manuscript writing is bound to be complicated and detailed. The Results and Discussion sections present and discuss the research results, respectively. Indigo, A. Read on for help finding the full paper. Although writing instructors may tell you not to use the same word twice in a sentence, it's okay for scientific writing, which must be accurate. Are your results consistent with what other investigators have reported? Your abstract should be one paragraph, of words, which summarizes the purpose, methods, results and conclusions of the paper. Is there another way to interpret your results? To spark interest among your audience — referees and journal readers alike — provide a compelling motivation for the work presented in your paper: The fact that a phenomenon has never been studied before is not, in and of itself, a reason to study that phenomenon. If you feel you cannot or need not do more than list items, consider using a table or perhaps a schematic diagram rather than a paragraph of text. An abstract, or summary, is published together with a research article, giving the reader a "preview" of what's to come. Look for a free online version.

For authors who are making their first attempt at writing a research article, it will be imperative to carve out time on a daily basis to work on specific sections of the article — make a schedule and stick to it.

Magenta, S.

Scientific research paper template

The website lists journals by subject, as well as by title. How did you answer this question? Do not put results in this section. You can thank those who either helped with the experiments, or made other important contributions, such as discussing the protocol, commenting on the manuscript, or buying you pizza. The traditional Results and Discussion sections are best combined because results make little sense to most readers without interpretation. The Directory of Open Access Journals is also a good place to check to see which journals are free in your field of interest. For the task, use whoever did the work normally, you and your colleagues as the subject of the sentence: we or perhaps the authors; use a verb expressing a research action: measured, calculated, etc. The erythrocytes that are in the blood contain hemoglobin. Use the first person. A student who tried not to repeat the word "hamster" produced this confusing sentence: "When I put the hamster in a cage with the other animals, the little mammals began to play. In the text, cite the literature in the appropriate places: Scarlet thought that the gene was present only in yeast, but it has since been identified in the platypus Indigo and Mauve, and wombat Magenta, et al. The readers of a scientific paper read the abstract for two purposes: to decide whether they want to acquire and read the full paper, and to prepare themselves for the details presented in that paper. Science ,

It is possible to write simple, informative sentences without sounding choppy or unsophisticated. At the end of your Conclusion, consider including perspectives — that is, an idea of what could or should still be done in relation to the issue addressed in the paper.

How to write a scientific paper introduction

Instead of: An increased appetite was manifested by the rats and an increase in body weight was measured. Second, they move the more detailed, less important parts of the body to the end of the paper in one or more appendices so that these parts do not stand in the readers' way. This doesn't necessarily reflect the order in which you did or thought about the work. Generally it is only worth looking up the first author the one who contributed the most to the paper or the last author usually the professor in whose lab the work was done and who supervised the science project. Be careful with commonly confused words: Temperature has an effect on the reaction. To confirm this assumption, we studied the effects of a range of inhibitors of connexin channels, such as the connexin mimetic peptides Gap26 and Gap27 and anti-peptide antibodies, on calcium signaling in cardiac cells and HeLa cells expressing connexins. End with a one-sentence summary of your conclusion, emphasizing why it is relevant. Primarily, they want to know the motivation for the work presented and the outcome of this work. Instead, state the message of each paragraph upfront: Convey in the first sentence what you want readers to remember from the paragraph as a whole. You can thank those who either helped with the experiments, or made other important contributions, such as discussing the protocol, commenting on the manuscript, or buying you pizza.

How do these results relate to the original question?

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